Intangible Cultural Heritage Elements of Ferghana Valley
Collection on Intangible Cultural Heritage Elements of Ferghana Valley
Oral Traditions and Expressions
domain includes all genres connected with people’s folklore creations, such as myths, fables, epic poems, fairy tales, riddles fables, proverbs, folktales, lullabies, tongue-twisters, and lapar. They differ from each other by their method of performance and colourful melodies.
YallaYalla, a widespread folklore song genre, is made up of words that come from poems by classic and modern poets. The songs are accompanied by dancing. Yalla is sung by one, two, or more people with the accompaniment of doira music or a musical ensemble. Most yalla songs are about love and affection, and they possess an attractive, charming, and jolly character.
AllaAlla (lullaby) is an oral form of ICH sung by one person, usually a mother who is putting her baby to sleep. Alla, popular among Uzbek, Uyghur, and Tajik people, is important in raising a child. Alla is highly emotive in that it allows a child to perceive not only motherly affection but also her spiritual sufferings.
O‘lanO‘lan is a genre of people’s oral creation. Mainly, it is performed by women with or without doira accompaniment. At Uzbek parties and celebrations, the o‘lan is sung by a girls’ team on one side and a boys’ team on the other side, or it is sung by two people who take sides opposing each so they may perform as though they are having a dialogue. Through the o‘lan genre, people express their hopes, dreams, sorrows, and joy, and the theme of love is at the core of its content.
Yor-YorYor-yor is a folk song performed at wedding celebrations. In ancient times, it was widely spread among Uzbek, Tajik, Uyghur, and Turkmen people. Yor-yor consists of two or four lines, at the end or in the middle of each line are the words yor-yor, aylanaman (my beloved one, I am enchanted). Usually yor-yor is accompanied by doira music performed by women. The high effect of yor-yor is that it simultaneously harmonises sadness with a merry melody and tone and the mood of holiday joys. In yor-yor songs, the bride is congratulated and is praised for her features, wishes, and cherished dreams.