ICH Safeguarding Efforts in the Asia-Pacific

Information on ICH safeguarding system, policy, organizations, and pending issues

  • the pacific
  • ICHCAP Field Survey Report on ICH Safeguarding Efforts in the Pacific Countries

    Based on the ICHCAP Field Survey on Intangible Cultural Heritage Safeguarding Efforts in some Pacific countries (2009-2013), this summary provides a brief overview on the ICH situation in Fiji, Papua New Guinea, the Cook Islands, the Marshall Islands, Tonga, Palau, Vanuatu and Federated States of Micronesia. The summary focuses mainly on ICH safeguarding systems, safeguarding policies, and ICH inventories as well as on pending issues and the urgent safeguarding needs of these countries. Moreover, information on the main entities in charge of ICH safeguarding and opinions of each country on the issue of community involvement are provided. To give a quick overview these countries’ participation in ICH safeguarding at the international level, some additional information related to UNESCO is specified as well. Apart from the main topic, information on the situation of intellectual property related to ICH safeguarding in each country is included. This survey report offers a large sample of the diverse ICH situations in Pacific countries. Each country has a different background on the issue of intangible heritage. Although all countries participating in the survey are concerned with the threats facing their ICH, most of them haven’t defined ICH and haven’t established inventory national ICH list or inventory. However, each country expresses a high degree of motivation and encouragement for safeguarding ICH, sharing experiences, and participating in international cooperation efforts. Compared to some Asian countries, Pacific countries seem to be well aware of the emerging intellectual property issues related to ICH. This might be related to the internationally publicized infringement and violation of intellectual property rights by outsiders on the Pacific’s traditional knowledge, cultural expressions, and genetic resources . Moreover, these countries appear to collaborate closely with the World Intellectual Property Organization on various awareness-raising and capacity-building activities on protecting traditional culture in a broad sense. To date, out of the eight Pacific countries participating in the survey, five countries (Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Cook Islands, Palau, and Vanuatu) are drafting laws on the protection of traditional knowledge and expressions of culture. Furthermore, in terms of technical terminology, the Pacific countries tend to use “traditional knowledge” and “expressions of culture” as equivalent terms to “intangible cultural heritage”. Pacific countries are also conducting cultural mapping projects, which is another common point that they share. Finally, the Pacific region has the highest rate of indigenous populations of any other region of the world and the highest rate of customary or traditional land ownership.
    Cook Islands

    Cook Islands

    • Has not ratified the ICH Convention yet; conducted survey in 2011
    • As of May 2013, has no elements on the ICH Lists of UNESCO and no accredited NGOs
    Cook_Islands
    • SummaryView
    • Safeguarding system & policyView
    • Intangible Cultural Heritage InventoryView
    • Relevant OrganisationsView
    • Meetings on Intangible Cultural HeritageView
    • Living Human Treasures SystemView
    • Pending issues & urgent needs on safeguarding of ICHView
    • List of Co-researcherView
    • Annex 1 | Ministry of Culture Act, Te Reo Maori ActView
    • Annex 2 | Report on the National WorkshopView
    • Annex 3 | PhotographsView
    Fiji

    Fiji

    • Ratified the ICH Convention in 2009; conducted survey in 2009
    • As of May 2013, has no elements on the ICH Lists of UNESCO and no accredited NGOs
    Fiji
    • SummaryView
    • Safeguarding System & PolicyView
    • Intangible Cultural Heritage InventoryView
    • Relevant OrganisationsView
    • Meetings on Intangible Cultural HeritageView
    • Living Human Treasures System (LHTS)View
    • Pending issues & Urgent needs on safeguarding of ICHView
    • Reference MaterialsView
    • List of Co-researchersView
    • Annex 1 | Workshop ReportView
    Marshall Islands

    Marshall Islands

    • Has not ratified the ICH Convention yet; conducted survey in 2011
    • As of May 2013, has no elements on the ICH Lists of UNESCO and no accredited NGOs
    Marshall_Islands
    • SummaryView
    • Safeguarding system & policyView
    • Intangible Cultural Heritage InventoryView
    • Relevant OrganisationsView
    • Meetings on Intangible Cultural HeritageView
    • Pending Issues &Urgent Needs on Safeguarding of ICHView
    • List of Co-researchersView
    • Annex1 | Historic Preservation LegislationView
    • Annex2 | PhotographsView
    Micronesia

    Micronesia

    • Ratified the ICH Convention in 2013; conducted survey in 2013-14
    • As of December 2014, has no element on the ICH Lists of UNESCO and no accredited NGOs
    Micronesia
    • SummaryView
    • BackgroundView
    • Safeguarding System & PolicyView
    • Intangible Cultural Heritage InventoryView
    • A Critical Look at ICHView
    • ConclusionsView
    • ReferencesView
    • Pending IssuesView
    • List of co-researchersView
    • Annex 1 | Relevant LawsView
    • Annex 2 | PhotographsView
    • Annex 3 | ICH-related OrganizationsView
    Papua New Guinea

    Papua New Guinea

    • Ratified the ICH Convention in 2008; conducted survey in 2010
    • As of May 2013, has no elements on the ICH Lists of UNESCO and
      has no accredited NGOs
    Papua_New_Guinea
    • SummaryView
    • Safeguarding system & policyView
    • Intangible Cultural Heritage InventoryView
    • Relevant OrganisationsView
    • Meetings on Intangible Cultural HeritageView
    • Pending issues & urgent needs on safeguarding of ICHView
    • Reference MaterialsView
    • List of Co-researchersView
    • Annex 1 | Cultural Mapping Programme Pilot ProjectView
    • Annex 2 | Relevant LawView
    • Annex 3 | National Traditional Knowledge PolicyView
    • Annex 4 | PhotographsView
    Palau

    Palau

    • Ratified the ICH Convention in 2011; conducted survey in 2012
    • As of May 2013, has no elements on the ICH Lists of UNESCO and no accredited NGOs
    Palau
    • SummaryView
    • BackgroundView
    • Safeguarding System & PolicyView
    • Intangible Cultural Heritage InventoryView
    • Relevant OrganisationsView
    • Meetings on Intangible Cultural HeritageView
    • Pending Issues and Urgent NeedsView
    • ConclusionView
    • List of Co-researchersView
    • Annex | Relevant LawView
    Solomon_Islands

    Solomon Islands

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    Solomon_Islands
    • SummaryView
    • Safeguarding System & PolicyView
    • Intangible Cultural Heritage InventoryView
    • Relevant OrganisationsView
    • Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of HumanityView
    • List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent SafeguardingView
    • Living Human Treasures SystemView
    • Meetings on Intangible Cultural HeritageView
    • Pending Issues & Urgent NeedsView
    • List of Co-researcherView
    • Annex | PhotographsView
    Tonga

    Tonga

    • Accepted the ICH Convention in 2010; conducted survey in 2011
    • As of May 2013, has one element on the RL and no accredited NGOs
    Tonga
    • SummaryView
    • Safeguarding system & policyView
    • Intangible Cultural Heritage InventoryView
    • Relevant OrganisationsView
    • Meetings on Intangible Cultural HeritageView
    • Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of HumanityView
    • Transmission of Knowledge and SkikllsView
    • Pending Issues & Urgent Needs on Safeguarding of ICHView
    • Reference MateiralsView
    • List of Co-researcherView
    • Annex | PhotographsView
    Vanuatu

    Vanuatu

    • Ratified the ICH Convention in 2010; conducted survey in 2012
    • As of May 2013, has one element on the RL and no accredited NGOs
    Vanuatu
    • SummaryView
    • BackgroundView
    • Safeguarding System & PolicyView
    • Intangible Cultural Heritage InventoryView
    • Relevant OrganisationsView
    • Meetings on Intangible Cultural HeritageView
    • Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of HumanityView
    • List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent SafeguardingView
    • Living Human Treasures SystemView
    • Pending Issues & Urgent NeedsView
    • ConclusionView
    • List of Co-researchersView
    • Annex | PhotographsView