ICH Safeguarding Efforts in the Asia-Pacific

Information on ICH safeguarding system, policy, organizations, and pending issues

  • south_east_asia
  • ICHCAP Field Survey Report on ICH Safeguarding Efforts in the South-East Asian Countries

    Based on the ICHCAP Field Survey on Intangible Cultural Heritage Safeguarding Efforts in some South-East Asian countries (2009-2012), this summary provides a brief overview on the ICH situation in Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam, Indonesia, the Philippines, Laos, and Myanmar . The summary focuses mainly on ICH safeguarding systems, safeguarding policies, and ICH inventories as well as on pending issues and the urgent safeguarding needs of these countries. Moreover, information on the main entities in charge of ICH safeguarding and opinions of each country on the issue of community involvement are provided. To give a quick overview these countries’ participation in ICH safeguarding at the international level, some additional information related to UNESCO is specified as well. Apart from the main topic, information on the situation of intellectual property related to ICH safeguarding in each country is included. This survey report offers a large sample of the diverse ICH situations in South-East Asian countries. Each country has a different background on the issue of intangible heritage. For instance, Indonesia is the only country participating in the field survey that has a programme in the Register of Best Practices. Viet Nam developed ICH-related definitions in its Law on Cultural Heritage; whereas the Philippines has a strong legislative background and solid network of public structures protecting cultural heritage. Cambodia recognises the link between cultural heritage and development of national economy and runs relevant activities on promoting traditional culture while maximizing its economic benefits to the country. For Laos, training local artists rather than researchers in ICH safeguarding, including IPR, is deemed to be essential, as the artists are the important resources that master their arts. Among the South-East Asian participants, Thailand and Myanmar are the newest to approach ICH safeguarding. Although all countries are concerned about the threats ICH faces, most countries participating in the survey haven’t defined ICH and haven’t established national ICH lists. Meanwhile, drawing up an inventory of traditional cultural expressions in different forms—register, cultural map, or database—is a common activity in these countries. Moreover, each country expresses a high degree of motivation and encouragement for safeguarding ICH, sharing experiences, and promoting international cooperation.
    cambodia

    Cambodia

    • Ratified the ICH Convention in 2006; conducted survey in 2009
    • As of June 2013, has two elements on the RL and one accredited NGO
    Cambodia
    • SummaryView
    • Safeguarding system & policyView
    • Intangible Cultural Heritage InventoryView
    • Relevant OrganisationsView
    • Meetings on Intangible Cultural HeritageView
    • The Intangible Cultural Heritage List of UNESCOView
    • Approaches and InitiativesView
    • Recommendations and SuggestionsView
    • List of researchersView
    • Annex 1 | PicturesView
    • Annex 2 | Subdecree on the Living Human Treasures of the Kingdom of CambodiaView
    Indonesia

    Indonesia

    • Ratified the ICH Convention in 2007; conducted survey in 2010
    • As of June 2013, has two elements on the USL, four elements on the RL,
      one programme on the register of best safeguarding practices,
      and one accredited NGO
    Indonesia
    • SummaryView
    • Safeguarding system & policyView
    • Intangible Cultural Heritage InventoryView
    • Relevant OrganisationsView
    • Meetings on Intangible Cultural HeritageView
    • The Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of HumanityView
    • List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent SafeguardingView
    • Register of Practices which Best Reflect the Principles and Objectives of the ConventionView
    • Living Human Treasures Systems (LHTS)View
    • Pending issues & urgent needs on safeguarding of ICHView
    • List of Co-researchersView
    • Annex 1 | Reference MaterialsView
    • Annex 2 | PhotographsView
    Laos

    Laos

    • Ratified the ICH Convention in 2009; conducted survey in 2011
    • As of June 2013, has no elements on the ICH Lists of UNESCO and no accredited NGOs
    Laos
    • SummaryView
    • Safeguarding system & policyView
    • Intangible Cultural Heritage InventoryView
    • Relevant OrganisationsView
    • ICH Preliminary Field SurveyView
    • Pending issues & urgent needs on safeguarding of ICHView
    • List of Co-researcherView
    • Annex 1 | Law on National HeritageView
    • Annex 2 | An Overview of ICH Safeguarding in LaosView
    • Annex 3 | PhotographsView
    Myanmar

    Myanmar

    • Has not ratified the ICH Convention; conducted survey in 2012
    • As of June 2013, has no elements on the ICH Lists of UNESCO and no accredited NGOs
    Myanmar
    • SummaryView
    • Safeguarding System & PolicyView
    • Intangible Cultural Heritage InventoryView
    • Relevant OrganisationsView
    • Meetings on Intangible Cultural HeritageView
    • Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of HumanityView
    • Pending Issues & Urgent NeedsView
    • List of Co-researchersView
    • Annex | PhotographsView
    Philippines

    Philippines

    • Ratified the ICH Convention in 2006; conducted survey in 2010
    • As of June 2013, has two elements on the RL and one accredited NGO
    Philippines
    • SummaryView
    • Safeguarding system & policyView
    • Intangible Cultural Heritage InventoryView
    • The Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of HumanityView
    • Relevant OrganisationsView
    • Living Human Treasures System (LHTS)View
    • Pending issues & urgent needs regarding the safeguarding of ICHView
    • List of ResearchersView
    • Annex 1 | PhotographsView
    • Annex 2 | Relevant LawView
    • Annex 3 | Guideline & Grant Program for the Gawad sa Manlilikha ng BayanView
    Thailand

    Thailand

    • Has not ratified the ICH Convention; conducted survey in 2009
    • As of June 2013, has no elements on the ICH Lists of UNESCO and no accredited NGOs
    Thailand
    • SummaryView
    • Cultural PolicyView
    • Culture LawView
    • Inventory of Intangible Cultural HeritageView
    • Relevant OrganizationsView
    • Meetings on Intangible Cultural HeritageView
    • National ArtistsView
    • ReferenceView
    • List of co-researchersView
    • Annex 1 | National Culture ActView
    • Annex 2 | Policy Religions, Social Welfard, Public Heath, Education and CultureView
    • Annex 3 | PhotographsView
    Viet Nam

    Viet Nam

    • Ratified the ICH Convention in 2005; conducted survey in 2009
    • As of June 2013, has two elements on the USL and five on the RL and has three
      accredited NGOs
    Viet_Nam
    • SummaryView
    • Safeguarding System & PolicyView
    • Intangible Cultural Heritage InventoryView
    • Relevant OrganizationsView
    • Meetings on Intangible Cultural HeritageView
    • The Intangible Cultural Heritage List of UNESCOView
    • Living Human Treasures System (LHTS)View
    • Pending issues & Urgent needs on safeguardingView
    • List of ResearchersView
    • Annex 1 | PicturesView
    • Annex 2 | A Brief Information on the Department of Cultural HeritageView
    • Annex 3 | A Study of Shamanism: from ICH Safeguarding ApproachView
    • Annex 4 | Chart: Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism Organizations Working on ICH FieldsView